How to obtain Canadian Citizenship by Descent

Suppose you were given birth outside Canada and wish to know whether you are a Canadian citizen either because your parents or grandparents were Canadian citizens. In that case, this post is for you.


This article will put you through and provide all the necessary information needed to put you through to determine and obtain your descent citizenship if you are really now!

What Is Citizenship By Descent

Citizenship by descent is a means whereby an individual is eligible to claim citizenship if his/her parents, grandparents, or sometimes even great-grandparents hail from a given country.

The person who is applying for CBD will have to provide proof of his/her bloodline to the government to qualify.

Today, for citizenship by descent, you must be born to a Canadian parent who was either born in Canada or naturalized as a Canadian citizen.

How to pass your Canadian citizenship down to your child

You can pass down your Canadian citizenship to your child by applying for a citizenship certificate.


You need to submit a copy of your child’s original birth certificate or record with your application.

If needed, They’ll  ask for supporting documents to make sure that you can pass down your citizenship to your child.

Adopted children born outside Canada –

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If your adopted child was born outside Canada, they’re not automatically a Canadian citizen. This is to respect the adoption laws of other countries and the Citizenship Act.

You need to apply for your adopted child to become a Canadian citizen.



How to obtain Canadian Citizenship by Descent

Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) are now accepting online applications to request proof of citizenship and search for citizenship records. Applicants can submit their applications, pay the related fees, and send any required supporting documents online using the secure portal.

Online applications can be used to request a replacement citizenship certificate (proof) that does not require changes to the information on the certificate (such as name, date of birth) submit straightforward claims for proof of citizenship by descent, as defined under the Citizenship Actrequest a search of citizenship records for an applicant

A straightforward claim for proof of citizenship by descent applies to applicants with a Canadian parent who was

  • granted citizenship on or after April 17, 2009, or
  • born in Canada on or after February 15, 1977

Completing an online application is faster than providing documents by mail. Online applications will also save time for those making requests from outside Canada and the U.S., who no longer need to go in person to an embassy or high commission to submit an application.

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Paper applications will still be accepted and processed. Individuals who have already submitted a paper application should not complete an online application for the same request.

For more information, please read about applying for a Canadian citizenship certificate or searching citizenship records. 


In most cases, Canadian citizenship from Canadian grandparents (either grandmother or grandfather) cannot be inherited. In 2009, changes to the Citizenship Act eliminated the inheritance of Canadian citizenship to the second generation of children born outside Canada.


Conclusion How to obtain Canadian Citizenship by Descent

Ensure to read and understand all the information provided above, for they are accurate from the Canadian Immigration and Citizenship Service and free from misinformation.

The link given above will help you determine and obtain your descent citizenship; hence i hope this article has greatly benefited you.

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